The population of Cuba has approximately 11, 5 million people, most of whom are Creoles – 65%, and mulattos (24.8%) and negros (10%).
Cuba occupies an area of approximately 111 sq. M. km, the total length of coastline – 3735 km. Liberty Island in the south Caribbean Sea, the Yucatan Channel – in the south-west, the Windward Passage to the east (it separates Cuba from the island of Haiti), and from the north – the Straits of Florida (minimum distance from the coast of Florida just 180 kilometers).
The country’s terrain is mainly flat, hills and mountains occupy no more than a quarter of Cuba. Low mountain ranges scattered throughout the country: for example, in the south-east are the mountains of the Sierra Maestra with the highest point of the island – Turquino peak (1,972 meters); in the center of the array is the Sierra de Trinidad, and the west – the Sierra de los Organos.
The coast is mostly low, marshy places and overgrown with mangroves. The largest river of the country – cauto. Tropical trade winds and climate of the island makes it possible to keep a sufficiently high temperature throughout the year: the annual average 25,5 ° C, in January 22,5 ° C, and in August, about 27,8 ° C. The water off the coast also remains quite warm all year round – winter 22-24 ° C and 28-30 ° C in the summer.
In general, the average climatic characteristics are typical of tropical countries, however, as can be seen, seasonal temperatures expressed rather weakly. Also in Cuba relatively high average annual precipitation mainly in the form of showers – 1400 mm, but some years can give an unusually dry.
On the island, as in all tropical countries, clearly reflects the two climatic seasons – the rainy season (May-October) and a dry season, which accounts for the period from November to April. A huge impact on the Cuban climate have a pass near the island of warm currents that form the Gulf Stream. As a distinctive feature of the island climate is a typical high humidity throughout the year.It is also worth noting the particular vulnerability of Cuba effects of tropical cyclones originating in the Caribbean during the period from June to mid-November.
Weather and natural conditions of the island of Cuba under the direct influence of climate is tropical, characteristic for the entire Caribbean.In general, the climate of the island favors a relaxing break on the beaches of Cuba , which lasts all year round.
The temperature of the water in an average year does not fall below the level of 24 C °, and seasonal climate expressed slightly – for example, in the dry season, which lasts from November to April, can sometimes go tropical storms, and in the rainy season (May – October) can be sunny and dry weather. The average annual temperature in Cuba is also very suitable for a good holiday all year round, on average + 25C °.
The Republic of Cuba in its administrative structure is a federation and in August 2010 is divided into 15 provinces and the special municipality of the Isle of Youth. Also on the island is the US Naval Base Guantanamo Bay, the US leased, but the remaining territory of the Republic of Cuba.
There is perhaps no country, surrounded by a halo of more romantic than Cuba.
Liberty Island with the turquoise waters of the Caribbean, magical “snow-white” Cuban beaches , fiery rhythms of rumba and salsa, under which after a couple of servings of miraculous Cuban rum and would like to thank all the gods – Native American, African, European – for what on earth is this unique island whose colors of simply knows no bounds.And, not surprisingly, Cuba, none of the Caribbean island rich in tourist attractions, as is well known all around the world (who has not heard of Varadero?),
And those whose existence is an ordinary tourist has no clue. And the hallmark of Cuba is that abound here, and cultural monuments created by human hands, and simply stunning natural ensembles, such as karst caves in Matanzas. And, of course, Cuba would not be Cuba, and in general Latin American country without its colorful and vibrant carnivals, which, of course, are not as extensive as the carnival in Rio, but no less interesting and exciting.Also do not forget that the country and the island of Cuba Cuba – it’s not quite the same thing.
A huge number of small and picturesque islands of Cuba attaches visit even more charm, because many of them have an unprecedented beauty beaches and landscapes, such as Cayo Santa Maria and Cayo Guillermo, where to go and see a notable loved “Cuban” Ernest Hemingway and whose yacht “Pilar “still stands at anchor off the beach of the same name. And while Cayo Guillermo considered uninhabited island, where 90% of the area are dominated by mangroves, palm trees and a variety of tropical birds, including the very rare kartakuba, is a gem of the entire Cuban fauna.
And, of course, can not escape from the sun-drenched provincial Cuban cities, each of which has preserved many interesting architectural monuments, in fact, embody the complex and contradictory history of Liberty Island. As an example, take the city of Cienfuegos (the capital of the province of the same name), and where the castle of the XVIII century Nuestra Señora de los Angeles de Jagua, built between 1733 and 1745 years of the city’s bay and protects from enemies of the Spanish Crown, and the palace Palacio de Valle, built in the style of “Mudejar” is already on the decline of the colonial era at the turn of the XIX and XX centuries, and the more modern buildings have times of socialism.
The highlight of the city is an interesting layout – almost all the streets intersect at right angles.Or the city of Camaguey, which is also called the city “tinahonov” (large earthenware jars), where the historic center is preserved better than anywhere else in Cuba, so there you can find a lot of areas of different sizes. City of Las Tunas (also the provincial capital) is the center of the Cuban sculpture – every two years in a festival of peasant art, where an exhibition of about 70 sculptures of various kinds. Below we outline some notable areas in more detail.Is the fourth largest island of Cuba and the main tourist resort in the archipelago “Jardines del Rey” (“Royal Gardens”).
Cayo Coco is connected to the main island of the 17-kilometer road-dam that runs across the bay Dogs and was built not so long ago, really blend in with the surrounding landscape. A special attraction of the island gives virtually untouched by human ecosystem, which includes a national nature reserve, which is home to many species of marine birds, including flamingos.It is because of this Cayo Coco has become a center of eco-tourism in Cuba. Cayo Coco resort is perhaps the most isolated in the country, and in the interior of the island are untouched by human tropical undergrowth, which are home to a huge number of birds – flamingos, pelicans and, of course, snow-white bird “Coco” (hence the name – “The Island Coco “).To the north of the island magnificent “expensive” in the 26 km stretch beautiful beaches of Cayo Coco with pristine white sand that are considered almost the best in the entire Caribbean.
Among them are Mecca of beach tourism as Los Flamenkos, Las Coloradas and La Howl, securely protected by a curved line the coast. Beach Los Flamenkos perhaps the best beach on the island of Cayo Coco, stretching for 5 kilometers, the main “masters” who are flamingos – here you can see them at any time of the year. Playa Prohobida or “Forbidden beach” – a great place for a secluded and peaceful holiday. Because of concern for the environment is prohibited any construction, so nature is preserved in pristine condition. Sand dunes of the beach can reach a height of about 40 meters.Cayo Coco – one in Cuba and the main centers of diving. And all this because the island is located near the 400-meter coral formation, is the second longest in the world after the Great Barrier Reef in Australia.
A variety of exotic coral fish diving makes this place unforgettable.Havana with all the reservations can be called a symbol of Latin America. City legend, full of indescribable beauty, amazing history and traditions. It is not only the largest city in the Caribbean, but also the most beautiful – the beauty of Havana Hemingway put on a par with Paris and Venice. And it is no exaggeration to say that Havana – a real open-air museum, where all the best of the cocktail, which represents the Cuban culture as a whole.
This centuries-old history, filled with a variety of collisions and accidents, resulting in birth it is this, colorful, bright and inviting Cuba.A huge attraction for tourists is the historic center of the city – Old Havana, where there are many beautiful streets and buildings made in colonial style, so that each of them has its own special refinement and idle walk through Old Havana can easily turn into a fascinating journey many hours. More recently, it has been estimated that in this area there is a 900 (!)
Buildings of historical and architectural value. Old Havana, storing major metropolitan attractions of Cuba , separated from the central area of the city (Centro Habana) is very diffuse boundary, passing through Central Park and the Capitol building, but the difference between the two areas cardinal – the latter is not so picturesque, built with more modern houses and therefore not particularly attracts tourists. Vedado is the busiest part of Havana, in which architecture wonderfully blended different styles – from Neoclassicism to constructivism. It is located in the Vedado neighborhood of Havana University and all the main centers of nightlife in the Cuban capital.
Necessary attribute of all Cuban coastal towns – this embankment. Havana Malecon, stretching along the coast for 7 kilometers, is the most popular and lively streets of Havana, where traditionally held in February carnivals. Malecon – the perfect place for quiet walks. In addition, the promenade connects the Vedado and Miramar from Old Gahan.One of the most famous architectural ensembles Havana Cathedral Square is located on it St. Christopher’s Cathedral.
This area – the perfect place for a relaxing holiday where you can sit in one of the many cafes and enjoy live Cuban music. Besides magnificent facade of the Cathedral of St. Christopher, built in 1748-1777 years, the area is a real gem. According to the legend in this cathedral until 1898 were the relics of St. Christopher Columbus (hence the name).According to the established tradition in Latin America, in almost every capital in the region have their Capitol building. Havana in this list is no exception – the Cuban Capitol was built in 1929, and he served as the prototype of the Capitol in Washington. In the past, there were held meetings of the Cuban Parliament, and from 1960 housed the Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment of Cuba, the National Scientific and Technical Library and the Museum of History.In the period of socialism, the Cuban capital also enriched by some interesting architectural monuments. Thus, a special reputation gained from Revolution Square Jose Marti Memorial and majestic tower height of 109 meters, the top of which is an observation deck, where all Havana visible at a glance.
It is in this area annually on May 1 and July 26, Fidel delivered his speech to the Cuban people, the benefit of the area can accommodate up to 1.5 million people.In fact, all the attractions of Havana listing meaningless, since this is a city where even mediocre cafes can be attraction. However, not to mention the places associated with the life in Havana legendary writer Ernest Hemingway. He settled in Havana in 1939 in the estate “Vigía”, which after his death was transferred to the Government of Cuba, and now there is a house-museum of the writer with a rich collection of personal belongings author of “The Old Man and the Sea.” The oldest fortification in America is also in Havana – a fortress Castillo de la Real Fuerza,.
Of the remaining sites in the capital worth noting Revolution Museum next to the Capitol; Church of El of templates; memorial “Granma”; Paseo del Prado – the main street of Havana; Cemetery Semetrio de Colón; famous cabaret “Tropicana”.Varadero – is, without a doubt, the most famous and popular resort Liberty Island, here are concentrated better beaches of Cuba . It is situated in the north of the island, in the province of Matanzas, on the Atlantic coast.
The beaches of Varadero – it’s almost 20 kilometers of white sand peninsula Hikakos located just 130 kilometers from Havana. This warm and azure waters of the Atlantic, and a well-developed tourist infrastructure, so there is nothing surprising in the fact that Varadero attracts many tourists from European countries – France, Germany, Italy and Spain. Beaches Varadero, moreover, among the three best beaches in the world, and the neighborhood of the resort is replete with numerous natural beauty that makes the rest are even more fun.
As with any Cuban resort in Varadero, there are many interesting places for leisure. One of these – the park Hosono, built before the coming to power of Fidel – in 1942, within which lies a tropical Festival – gorgeous gardens with lots of trees and flowers of all varieties grown in Cuba. Also in the park is a small lake with geese floating in it, and are often willing to take the tourists rent boats to the lake from the middle to enjoy all the beauties of the natural ensemble. The main symbol of the park is a giant cactus – El Patriarca.Many may be interested in Villa Xanadu or Villa Dupont standing directly over the coastal cliffs at the very tip of the peninsula Hikakos.
This villa – a monument to the days when Cuba actually ruled the American multimillionaires, one of which was Irene DuPont de Nemours. In the 20s of last century, he bought almost the entire northern part of the peninsula, and creating the infrastructure there, the land sold at very high prices. Building your villa cost American industrialist in more than $ 1.3 million. Drawn from the Italian masons specifically to give color mansion special softness, mixed into the cement goat’s milk. In the four-storey building for greater comfort was even an elevator. However, in 1959 the house was nationalized, and there made a school and then a chic restaurant, which exists to this day.
Villa Dupont – a great place for all golf lovers, here annual international competition.However, the main natural attractions of the region Varadero are unique karst caves with great archaeological value. The most famous of them – a cave and cave Belyamar Saturn.Cave Belyamar is just 30 minutes away from Varadero and 3 km from the center of the province of Matanzas. The cave was discovered in 1850 by chance – local shepherds wandered into it, searching for the lost sheep.
However, only a hundred years later the cave became accessible to all – after razgrebli thousands of tons of limestone and pumped water. But it was worth it, as Belyamar – a real treasure that contains a variety of unique and rare stones beautiful crystals. Crystal formation of “Columbus cloak” – a masterpiece of nature 12-meter height, which hangs like a curtain folds crystals. “Gothic hall” – a huge underground cave length is 80 meters and the width – 25 Belyamar – quite a large cave in the depths of which are hidden fanciful stalagmites and stalactites, the oldest of which reach the age of 40 thousand years. Through the cave, among other things, runs a stream with clear cool water.
Cave of Saturn is closer to Varadero. In the past, it found refuge runaway slaves, and during the War of Independence in 1895. Army soldiers Marie Oscar de Rojas there was organized by Centre for Medical care for the wounded. In our time, cave attracts primarily cavers and scuba diving. The dimensions of the cave Saturn is not as great as Belyamar, but in the middle of it is underground lake depth of about 70 meters and with crystal clear water, where you can easily swim and enjoy the beauty of the underwater cave.
Apart from these two caves, even in the area of Varadero is the cave of Santa Catalina, where the remains of pre-Columbian cultures, and has been designated as a national monument; Ambrosio Cave, which in 1961 was found 72 Indian pattern, recreating the solar calendar; and the Cave of Muslims, painted icons natives and where they found the remains of their food.On the outskirts of Varadero all tourists waiting for an essential attribute of the major resorts – Dolphinarium. Moreover, in the local dolphinarium visitor can not only be a spectator – anyone can post submission within 20 minutes to swim together with the inhabitants of the Dolphinarium, which, for example, is almost not found in Europe
.It is the second largest city in Cuba and it is no exaggeration to say that the second most beautiful. The capital of the eponymous province in the southeast of Liberty Island, Santiago de Cuba, founded in 1514, has long been the capital of the whole of Cuba. But the main attraction of the city, no doubt, is introduced in 1997 as a UNESCO World Heritage Site castle XVI-XVIII centuries. Castillo San Pedro de la Roca del Morro, which is unique in the world unique museum of the history of piracy.Among the main attractions of Santiago de Cuba – city park Cespedes, where you can have a great time in a quiet soothing atmosphere.
This is easily combined with a wide cultural program, as the city has a large number of museums, including the famous Ethnographic Museum “La Isabelika”, located in a beautiful old mansion, Museum of Colonial Art (home conquistador Diego Velázquez), the Historical Museum, located in the Moncada barracks, Natural History Museum, the Municipal Museum Emilio Bacardi.The city has many other beautiful buildings of cultural significance, for example, two interesting theater, the city’s cathedral, university, conservatory, Jose Marti Mausoleum in the cemetery of Santa Sementreio Ifiheniya. In many believers pilgrimage is an island of Cayo Granma, which is the Cathedral of Santa Caridad del Cobre was built in 1831 and dedicated to the patron saint of Cuba – the Blessed Virgin of Mercy Cobre.Santiago de Cuba is located in the mountainous region of Cuba, which automatically makes it attractive for tourists who are interested in leisure. National Park Sierra Maestra – a concentration of the highest mountains of the country.
The popular resort of Grand Pietra, in 34 kilometers from the city, is located at an altitude of 1,128 meters at the foot of the cliff of the same name. This whole area is famous for its picturesque landscape, moreover, immediately placed the flower plantation farm adjacent to the observatory of the Institute of Meteorology of Cuba.Big Natural Park Baconao lies between the mountains of the Sierra Maestra and the Caribbean Sea and declared a UNESCO biosphere reserve of global importance.
The most famous places of the park, which stretches for 50 kilometers, considered Prehistoric Valley, a large lagoon Baconao Meadow and sculptures.However, the main glory of Santiago de Cuba brings Carnival and Festival of Fire. Often, both events are held in the summer and, like all Cuban, are particularly bright, colorful and musicality.It is the second largest resort region of the country after Varadero. Flight from Havana to Holguin takes about half an hour. It is believed that it is here, near Cayo Bariey, first set foot on Cuban soil by Christopher Columbus. Now this place is a memorial complex dedicated to this event, and the Folk Village Taino. Holguin province has rich flora and fauna – here the birthplace of 30% of Cuban endemic species of plants and more than 1,000 species of animals, especially birds and butterflies.
Also among the natural resources of the region includes 34 rivers, six waterfalls, including “Guayabo” – the largest in Cuba. A island SAET, which is located not far from the coast, is home to a variety of wildlife – bison, deer, wild pigs, antelopes, which, if desired, and a permit can hunt.It is in this region is the beach of Playa Esmeralda (“Emerald Coast”), considered the most beautiful in the whole Cuba, as well as the famous beach of Guardalavaca beside the lovely coral reef and Playa Pesquero.
The provincial capital, the city of Holguin, Cubans often called the city squares, in which there is a strong Spanish influence, first of all, thanks to the strict layout of the streets. Architecturally diverse city. Olga’s main cathedral, San Isidoro, built in the XVIII century in the neoclassical style, and in 1720 there was a Mass celebrated in honor of the city’s founding. In Holguín is one of the most interesting museums in the country – the Museum of Natural Sciences “Carlos de la Torre and Worth” with the most valuable ornithological and malacological collections, as Provincial History Museum in the building of “La Perikera” has been designated as a national monument.
The city is a very active cultural life. A special role to play annual May Fair and Festival of Ibero-American culture that residents of the city celebrated annually in October.Municipal Transport in Cuba is in a rather run-down and poor condition – the number of buses is very small, and they often break down. As a result, tourists to use public transport is not recommended. Buses (“wa-wa”) is a major public transport. In Cuba there are two types of buses: “sedentary”, where the number of passengers is clearly limited by the number of seats, and conventional machines, often packed to overflowing. Timetables are not in principle, itineraries and almost never marked. The fare – 10 cents.
There are buses and taxis that ply between cities. Intercity bus service is very bad and almost always jam-packed. Tickets for these buses should be purchased in advance. The fare varies between one and two pesos.To move the tourists are recommended to use the so-called “tourist taxi”, which represent the modern executive class cars with air conditioning and radio telephones. Tourist taxis can be ordered from any hotel or by phone. In this case, all movement of taxis are constantly monitored for the safety of tourists.
Taxi fare often varies from 50 cents to $ 1 per 1 kilometer.In Cuba, there are three public taxi companies: «Cubanacan» – the most expensive (Mercedes), «Turistaxi» (Japanese small car with air conditioning) and «Panataxi» (Lada) – the least expensive company, but it works only in the capital. The province, in hotels and tourist centers can find a taxi «Cubanacan» and «Turistaxi». Upon arrival at the airport in Havana would be cheaper to book a taxi in the department «Panataxi» output than through a travel agency.The usual taxi in which payment is made in pesos, using quite old vehicles, the amount of which is small. In resort areas (eg in Varadero) private carting – a very common phenomenon, but quality assurance and buzopasnosti while no.Trains in Cuba, as well as buses go very messy, and their departure often change.
And for foreigners ticket prices for 20 (!) Times higher than for locals. For example, to get from Havana to Camagüey, which is located in the center of the country, a foreigner must pay $ 19.5 per ticket, and the usual Cuban will reach 19.5 for non-convertible “peso folk.” Both go to the same old and tattered car with seating, which is likely to be all busy. The train was late by 20 times (!) Hours. So, if the train was delayed by 2-3 hours, it should be taken as luck. Yet we must remember that in the wagons are not listed their numbers.
If you intend to use on Liberty Island trains, then no harm will see and download the scheme of trains in Cuba .In Cuba, there are five international airports: in Havana, Varadero, Santiago de Cuba, Holguin and Cayo Largo. The vast majority of flights arrive at the international airport of Havana. International flights are carried out mainly by foreign airlines, such as “Aeroflot», «Lufthansa», «British Airways», «Air France», «KLM», and others.Local airlines have flights in the country, mostly by small aircraft.
Tickets for these flights for the locals are not very expensive. The country has 77 airports with paved and 94 – with unpaved.The road system in Cuba is well developed, but, like all the island has its own specific – there are no road signs at all, so to get to the car in the right place, you need at least a basic knowledge of Spanish, a detailed map. The length of roads on Liberty Island is 61,000 kilometers, of which are paved, only 30 thousand kilometers.Vehicles in Cuba is very old, and little opportunity to update them Cubans do not.
Car park consists mainly of machines imported from the Soviet Union and even the American “old-mobil” from 1936 to 1960. Police patrols are still ride on the old “Lada”. Therefore, on the roads of Cubans prefer to move most of the bikes. Also strong popularity in the country enjoys hitchhiking. Government vehicles are legally required to take for travel if the machine there are empty seats, so the city’s main exits and intersections are often staffed by people armed with clipboards in yellow robes.
Their task is to ensure the organization sending people hitchhikers.The best way to see Cuba – a journey across the country in a rented car. Prerequisites for rent: the presence of a driver’s license with a minimum age of 21 years, as well as the experience of driving at least 1 year. Before renting a car, be sure to inspect for defects that need to be fixed in the lease. Otherwise, for these unseen defects make after returning the car to pay the tenant.Cuba car rental deal with several companies.
It is worth noting that their services – it’s quite expensive. It is necessary to rent a car from $ 45 per day plus $ 15 insurance. Gasoline within Havana costs approximately 1 – 1.2 $ per liter. Out of town a bit cheaper.Standard rules of the road, right-hand movement and not very busy, although cyclists on the roads of the country moves a huge amount. The quality of roads is very low, and counting, as well as pointers, virtually non-existent. Service stations are also rare. Non-Car in Cuba have different coloring.
Cars with a “tourist” brown numbers (owned rental companies) enjoy certain benefits, such as travel through closed for repair tunnels in Havana, parking in the wrong places, and so on. D. Traffic police in Cuba a lot, but on minor violations of drivers’ tourist “cars, it does not pay much attention.Cuban culture – is a very complicated and picturesque mixture of different cultures and ethnicities. A special role in the life of every Cuban takes religion. Despite the arrival of socialism, religious practices did not disappear, Cubans revere their religious traditions to this day. Most of Cuba, of course, spread Christianity, but also have their adherents of Judaism, as well as Voodoo and other African cults.
Thus, the Cubans and a devout Catholic, and supporters of socialism, and the keepers of the pagan cults of their ancestors at the same time.In contrast to our country after the revolution, the state guaranteed the right to free religious activities, separating church and state and the placing Christianity on an equal footing with other faiths. At the same time, has become an absolutely free and atheistic propaganda, which led to certain results. Thus, according to the latest polls 55% of Cubans consider themselves atheists.
Christianity in Cuba exists in its three main versions – Catholicism, Protestantism and Orthodoxy. The most widely used due to the long Spanish rule on the island has Catholicism – about 40% of Cubans call themselves followers of the Catholic Church. In 1998, at the invitation of Fidel Castro’s Cuba was visited by Pope John Paul II, celebrated Mass in front of nearly 1 million Cubans at the Revolution Square in Havana. After this visit, relations of power in the Church became more liberal.A large number of Cubans safely combines Christianity with the syncretic beliefs that have arisen due to the mixing of the Christian religious tradition with African cults that have appeared in Cuba with black slaves. Negros slaves in the new environment became identified their gods with Christian saints, which gave birth to two main islands syncretic cults: voodoo and Santeria cult of the most widespread.Santeria roots – in the cults of African Yoruba people. Forced conversion to Christianity in the colonies, slave Yoruba continued secretly their religious practices under the guise of Catholic saints to honor their gods – Orisha. Voodoo religion penetrated to Cuba from the neighboring island of Haiti, and its follow largely displaced from there.
Wood, combining many elements (and gods) of different creeds, came to Haiti in the form of spiritual teaching in the era of French colonial slavery and managed to retain its original features of the African cult. Also, almost all the followers of Afro-Cuban religion openly practiced spiritualism.In addition, Cuba has the Jewish community numbering about 1.5 thousand people who profess Judaism, as well as about 300 Masonic lodges, whose members are 26 thousand people.Cubans – people are very hospitable and friendly, but, like every nation, they have their own rules and traditions that guests of the country should be respected and observed.
For example, it is desirable to accompany their requests calls like «mi amor», «mi corazon» («My Love”, “my heart” – a conversation with a woman) and «amigo», «viejo» (buddy, old man), if communicate with men. Refuse an invitation to have a drink or dinner is also not worth it. If anyone of the locals had you great service, it is desirable to thank him any gift – a bottle of rum or cosmetics. In socialist Cuba forbidden to photograph industrial enterprises and military equipment, but the Cubans themselves willingly become a sight camera lens. However, before that they have to ask for permission.Kitchen Island Liberty least diverse and complex than its culture. In modern Cuban cuisine organically mixed Spanish, African and Caribbean culinary tradition. The main national dish is “Ahyako cryolite” – a thick soup, which has a variety of options for filling.
Aborigines cooked her fish and pepper, and later the Spaniards brought to the island of pork and add it to the soup. Completed as all the African slaves who became cook “Ahyako” with different varieties of local vegetables and fruits (corn, Malaga, bonyato).Especially popular in Cuban cuisine are meat dishes, fried grilled or stewed in ceramic pots. Worth a try, for example, “Santyageru” – pork leg marinated and baked in the oven, to cut into slices, sauce “mojito” with the decoration of circles Platano. Or “Medalones-Mango” – slices of pork stewed with diced mango, spices and wine, garnished with fresh mango, mint and onions.Neither Cuban meal is not complete without vegetables and fruits.
Thus, the Cubans are very fond of “Bonyato” – sweet potatoes, fried until golden brown. Slaves, once learned to prepare culinary masterpieces from the fact that grown for around left a legacy of modern inhabitants of Cuba «platanos» – baked bananas. Generally, in the Cuban kitchen there are many ways of cooking bananas, for example, «platanos a punetazos», when unripe fruit cut into thin diagonal slices and fry; bananas cooked ingredients for sauces, baking pies, pudding cooking, as well as the famous Cuban picadillo is, where is crushed banana mixed with cheese.Of the other popular Cuban dishes should be made “ling” – white rice, served with a colored beans, and “arroz moro”, also called “Moors and Christians”, rice with black beans. Naturally, the Cubans do not overlook and fish, so fish is very common oceanic rocks, coal-roasted and baked goods.
Desserts in Cuba are especially sweet, good, shortage of sugarcane Cubans do not. Cuban desserts served mainly with syrup and usually used for the preparation of tropical fruits. Recently Cubans adopt European experience – in the course of becoming mousses, puddings, etc.. N. From traditional Cuban desserts can be called “flambe” – banana slices in hot caramel with orange juice, decorated with mint and almonds. This dessert is served at the table literally burning. Very popular ice cream Coppelia. Of mousses – “Barcelona”, which is used in the preparation of dark chocolate and sesame and grated white chocolate.Among Cubans very popular and enjoys honor in Cuban coffee, very strong and sweet, which the locals drink throughout the day in a rather large volume.For lunch and dinner Cubans usually served table wine.
The most popular alcoholic drink in Cuba – a legendary local rum. For dinner, often as an aperitif is “Kanelazos rum” (in a bottle of rum – 30 g of cinnamon, cloves 5 g) with a light meal “kvezilo” consisting of pieces of fried in butter cheese. However, none of rum in Cuba is not as popular as the world-famous «Havana club».
There are three varieties of rum: gold – «Carta Oro», white – «Carta Blanca» and old – «Anejo». This rum 3, 5 and 7 years of exposure, respectively. Cubans of the three preferred rum «Anejo». In the area of ”Old Havana” can, by the way, visit the Museum of Roma.Despite the small size of the country, in the region has its own culinary specialties. For example, in the east of the island, in Santiago de Cuba, the food is more spicy and sharp. The population of the central and western part of Cuba is very indifferent to the coconut and chocolate. Love for coconuts and penetrates to the frying – here this is done using only coconut oil and coconut milk.
Telephones in Cuba is still at a low level, so that even many of the hotels do not have access to the international telephone service. Where is this relationship still exists, international calls can be made from the hotel rooms (with in-room phone with IDD), or through the offices of “Telekorreos” or international negotiating points.
To use cellular communication should contact the “KubaSel” (80-2222 phone or mobile phone 711). If you have a phone number with IDD telephone, you should pay attention to the attached memo – it details how to use it correctly.